Nigeria which is known officially as the Federal Republic of Nigeria has its political capital in Abuja and economic capital in Lagos. Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa and has also been ranked as the most populous black nation on earth with an estimated population of about 200 million people.
By land size, Nigeria is the 32nd largest country on Earth with a total land area of 923,769 km2 or 356,669sq mi. With this figure, Nigeria is estimated to have an estimated population density of about 218 persons per km2 (218/km2).
Canada is a country that is located on the North American continent. It is the second-largest country on earth by land size. Canada has about 10 provinces which extend from the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Pacific. It shares a border of about 8891km with the United States, which is also the largest world bi-national border.
Despite its low population, Canada has an extensive land mass (9.985 million km²).
Want to know how Canadian and Nigeria societies differ? See the cultural differences between nigeria and Canada
Side by side comparison of Canada and Nigeria drawn to scale
By land area, Canada is the second-largest country on Earth after Russia. A side-by-side comparison of the total land area for both Nigeria and Canada shows that Canada with a total land area of 9,984,670 km2 is at least 9 times larger than Nigeria which is just 923,756km2.
Superimposing Canada and Nigeria maps
Based on the total land mass of both countries, we can comfortably fit in 10 Nigeria into Canada. It is not shocking because Canada is the second largest country in the world.
Population demographics of Nigeria as compared to Canada
Official population statistics of Nigeria are not available because most of its past censuses have been heavily contested. However, estimates by the World Bank as of 2020 have projected the population of Nigeria to stand at 206,874,685 which is distributed almost evenly with 51.7 % of the population living in rural areas, and 48.3% of the population living in the rural areas.
Ranked by the United Nations as the most populous nation in Africa, Nigeria has a considerably younger population. According to the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics, 42.5 % of Nigerians are 14 years or younger.
Per the 2016 Canadian Census, Canada has a total population of 35,151,728 people. The unprecedented rise in the number of immigration has triggered a rise in the population of Canada. In 2016 alone, the population of Canada grew by 1.7 million with immigration accounting for over 70% of the total increase.
Canada has a population density of about 3.7 persons per km2 which is also among the lowest on earth. About 70% of the Canadian population lives within 150km away from the United States border. Most of these populations live in large metropolitan cities such as Ontario, Quebec City, and the Saint Lawrence River region.
Want to know about the Nigerian and Canadian system of Government? Check out a detailed review of the differences in how Canada and Nigeria is ruled.
GDP of Both Countries
GDP of Nigeria
Nigeria’s GDP witnessed a slow growth rate in the last few years especially in 2020, however, it is gradually improving based on the 4th quarter report by the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics.
Nigeria’s real GDP as at 2020 is valued at 16.1 trillion Naira which is the largest in Africa. The highest contributor to Nigeria’s GDP is the Oil and Gas sector, contributing about 99.46% of the total GDP.
GDP of Canada
Just as Nigeria, the real GDP of the state of Canada has witnessed a steady decline in the past two years. As at 2021, the GDP of Canada stood 1.6 trillion USD down from the previous 1.87trillion USD according data obtained from World Bank.
Facts about both places
5 Facts about Canada
- Canada has the highest literacy rate in the world .
- English and French are the two official languages spoken in Canada.
- Most Canadians live just 160km away from the US/Canada border.
- Canada has 6 different time zones.
- The two largest lakes on earth which are Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake are located in Canada.
5 Facts about Nigeria
- Nigerian Legislators are the highest paid on earth.
- Nigeria is home to West Africa’s oldest civilization. The NOK Civilization which flourished around 1000BC to 300BC is in Nigeria’s North Central.
- Kano was initially one of the largest manufacturing hubs in West Africa. More than 10 million sandals and 5 million hides were exported from Kano to several countries.
- Nigerian changed from a parliamentary system of government to a presidential system during the military rule of General Olusegun Obasanjo.
- Parts of Kwara state (now Kogi) was once captured by the Biafran 13th Battalion.